lito_senefelderLithography is an unusually well documented invention by German actor and playwright Alois Senefelder in 1798. The technique developed rapidly and spread throughout Europe. It lies at the heart of the modern printing industry but has continued to be used as an artistic medium throughout its history.

In 1817 it became possible to print from a zinc plate and from there colour lithography and four-colour printing using a raster developed. By the end of the century offset printing had been invented.

Artists who have used lithography as a medium include Francisco Goya, Honoré Daumier, Odilon Redon, Edvard Munch, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Paul Klee, Käthe Kollwitz, Joan Miró and Robert Rauschenberg.