About Resources

Advanced course in architecture
Resources was an advanced course in architecture and urban planning running between 20017-2015 that explored the relation between the world’s increasingly limited resources and our built environment. Complex issues concerning our future urban environments need multiple approaches and viewpoints, which is why the program was multi-disciplinary and admitted professionals with various backgrounds. The course consisted of a series of case-study based urban investigations in order to embrace the complexity that each specific urban landscape faces.

While the themes and geographies varied each year, the combination of aspects that influence the urban landscape are relevant for all contexts and are therefore simultaneously investigated in the workshops, for example socio-economical and demographic patterns and their direct relation to energy production, consumption, policymaking, mobility, eco-systems and climate.


The research was based on relevant architectural and urban planning theories, as well as biology, philosophy, resource and economic theory. The term biodiversity and its urban implications was discussed. Innvestigating a specific context, the stuides looked at local approaches while also considering the international discourse and alternative perspectives on urban planning currently being developed. Some of modernism’s less traveled paths, where climate and the specifics of place have informed a unique form of architecture were explored.

Lifestyle patterns, innovation, food production in a local and global perspective, biomimicry and radical mapping were investigated. Architects, urban planners, systems thinkers, natural- and social scientists, journalists, economists, anthropologists and artists cooperated in a cross-disciplinary discourse within the course. The previous three-year studies of Cities and Energy provided a basis for the following investigations. Underlying all aspects of the course was a focus on visualization and communication.

Program Series: Grounds

In 2010 the program series Grounds was initiated. The Grounds series search for alternative urban models and perspectives on development based on particularly advantageous breeding grounds, such as climate, topography, cultural expressions, resources, economies or social phenomena. Resources.10 focused on the west coast of India and the state of Goa with its tropical biotope and ongoing generation of a unique urbanity. Resources.11 investigated Cape Town and alternative concepts of development and growth, from both a global as well as an African perspective. Resources.12/Lab: In Search of Common Ground is currently investigating the state of commons, beyond state- and private property driven developments on a journey through Sweden and Europe.

Resources.12 In Search of Common Ground
Resources.11 Just Grounds: Cape Town
Resources.10 Bio-topical: Goa

Program Series: Cities and Energy

Cities and Energy
was run within Resources from 2007 to 2009 and investigated three globally dominant economies – China, USA and India, which are also the most energy consuming nations. One city in each country - Shanghai, Los Angeles and Pune – formed the basis for a case-study approach to investigate how necessary changes in energy consumption and production will influence and inform our cities and our ways of life. The three years with Cities and Energy have produced three distinct proposals, each containing a multitude of solutions, some directly related to issues of energy but other indirectly, such as food production, transport, building typologies, economics, lifestyles and consumption. These solutions are also defined in relation to their appropriate scale – that is, when is it necessary to speak of small-scale solutions for energy production, including its social implications, and in contrast, when are large- scale solutions most applicable?

Resources.09 Beyond Development: Pune
Resources.08 Beyond Desire: Los Angeles
Resources.07 Beyond Oil: Shanghai