Project manager: Ulrika Lundgren 
Co-applicant: Johan Grönberg
“Redundancy vs efficiency” (2012)

Redundancies are fundamental for life - all living organism need inefficiencies to be able to cope with change. In a world of increasing unpredictability caused by climate change, are we missing a perspective on how we are managing and planning our cities? This study aims to creatively explore the concept of redundancy by: 1. Collecting and comparing existing concepts of resilience in various fields of knowledge with the aim to discover useful patterns and connections. 2. Identifying and comparing urban areas that have managed or failed to cope with change. 3. Produce strategies, concepts and proposals for redundancy planning.

 Ulrika_Lundgren© Ulrika Lundgren (Goa)